Process for Australia Immigration? Visa options for Permanent Resident?

Process for Australia Immigration? Visa options for Permanent Resident?

Australia Immigration

Australia Immigration

Australia Immigration

You can become a permanent resident of Australia by applying for and being granted a permanent visa that allows you to remain in Australia indefinitely. The most common permanent visas include some skilled work and family visas.


When you apply for a permanent visa, you will need to meet our visa requirements. Look under Eligibility in each visa to see what those requirements are.


As an Australian permanent resident, your right to re-enter Australia after traveling overseas will depend on whether the travel facility on your permanent visa is valid. You do not have an automatic right of entry to Australia.


You may be eligible to become an Australian citizen after meeting certain requirements, including being a permanent visa holder and residing in Australia for a certain amount of time.

An Australian permanent resident and an Australian citizen are not the same.

As a permanent resident of Australia, you generally can:

  • remain in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study in Australia
  • enroll in Australia’s national health scheme, Medicare
  • apply for bank loans to buy property
  • sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible
  • Travel to and from Australia for as long as your travel facility permits.
  • attend free English language classes provided by the Adult Migrant English Program
  • work in New Zealand

You may also qualify for other government benefits and services. If you hold a permanent visa, but you are not residing in Australia, your eligibility for the above may be impacted. Contact the relevant government departments or authorities to confirm your rights and obligations.

Unlike Australian citizens, a permanent resident generally cannot:

  • have an Australian passport
  • vote in Australian Government elections unless you enrolled (as a British subject) before 26 January 1984
  • access student loans
  • join the Australian Defence Force
  • obtain ongoing work in the Australian Government
  • return to Australia from overseas without a valid travel facility (you do not have an automatic right of entry to Australia).

Travel facility on your permanent visa

When you are granted a permanent visa, you are usually permitted a 5-year travel facility. This means you can leave and re-enter Australia as many times as you like in the 5 years from the date your permanent visa was granted, as long as your visa remains valid.

After 5 years, your travel facility expires. You will need to apply for and be granted either:

  • A Resident Return visa - if you wish to re-enter Australia as a permanent resident
  • Australian citizenship - if you wish to travel as an Australian citizen.

If you enter Australia on a temporary visa when the travel facility on your permanent visa has expired, this will have an adverse impact on you. See ‘Resident Return visa’ below for details.

If you are not eligible for either of the above and wish to return to Australia as a permanent resident, you may have to apply again for a permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa or a skilled visa.

Travel Facility Expiry Reminder (TFER) trial

The TFER trial service aims to remind certain permanent residents that the travel facility on their permanent visa is expiring in 90 days. The functionality is currently limited to visa holders of the following:

  • Partner visa (100)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme visa (856)
  • Skilled sponsored visa (176)
  • Partner visa (801)

These reminders are only sent via email to visa holders who do not have a pending RRV application and have their personal email addresses recorded in our system

Resident Return visa

If you wish to return to Australia as a permanent resident from any overseas travel, you may need to apply for and be granted a Resident Return visa (subclass 155 or subclass 157) if:

  • the travel facility on your permanent visa has either already expired or will expire while you are outside Australia
  • you are a former Australian permanent resident whose last permanent visa was not canceled
  • you are a former Australian citizen who lost or renounced your citizenship.

If you intend to arrive in Australia without a valid visa, your entry will be denied (unless you are an Australian citizen).

Your permanent resident status will only be reinstated if your application for a Resident Return visa is granted. If your Resident Return visa application is refused, you may have to consider applying again for another permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa or a skilled visa. You will be provided with information regarding your eligibility for any merits review processes.

Any family members who are permanent residents traveling outside of Australia will need their own Resident Return visas.

Returning to Australia without a permanent visa that has a valid travel facility (for example, entering Australia on an ETA or visitor visa) may impact both your:

  • entitlements as a permanent resident
  • ability to satisfy the permanent residence requirements when applying for Australian citizenship or when applying for another Resident Return visa.

If you are in Australia as a permanent resident, you do not need to apply for a Resident Return visa if you do not wish to travel following the expiry of your permanent visa’s travel facility.

Visa options for Permanent Resident

People can become a permanent resident of Australia in different ways. Three common ways of becoming a permanent resident are through gaining:

  • a family-stream permanent visa
  • a work-stream permanent visa
  • business or investor-stream permanent visa

Check that you meet our criteria before you apply. If your visa has a “no further stay” condition attached, you cannot stay in Australia beyond the period specified in your visa in order to apply for permanent residency.

To find a visa that suits your needs, explore visa options.

  1. Family-stream permanent residence visas
  2. Work-stream permanent residence visas
  3. Business or investment-stream permanent residence visas
  4. Other options

Family-stream permanent residence visas

These are for:

  • partners, children, parents or dependent relatives of an Australian citizen, permanent resident of Australia or Eligible New Zealand citizen
  • children being adopted or in the process of being adopted outside of Australia
  • carers who need to move to Australia to provide long-term care for an approved relative

Work-stream permanent residence visas

These are for workers who have an Australian employer sponsoring them to work in Australia or have skills that Australia values.

Business or investment-stream permanent residence visas

Explore permanent visa options for business or investment.

Other options

Retirement visa pathway

The Australian Government has recently created a pathway to permanent residency for eligible retirees.

This pathway provides options to long-term residents who have contributed to, and are well-established in the community.

The government has built the pathway by setting aside a portion of places from the permanent migration scheme for parents.

Learn more about the Retirement visa pathway.

Former Resident visa

This visa is for certain permanent Former Residents.

Distinguished Talent visas

These visas are for people with an internationally-recognized record of exceptional and outstanding achievement.

  • Distinguished Talent visa (subclass 124)
  • Distinguished Talent visa (subclass 858)

Refugee and humanitarian visas

These visas are for people who left their home country due to persecution.

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Promoting positive benefits of immigration best weapon against Canada

Promoting positive benefits of immigration ‘best weapon’ against fear, Canada’s Immigration Minister says

Benefits of Canada Immigration

Benefits of Canada Immigration

Ahmed Hussen highlights Canada’s leadership role in resettling refugees as his proudest achievement in office

Canada’s Immigration Minister, Ahmed Hussen, played up the positive impact of immigrants and refugees on the country and its economy in an address this week to international immigration experts gathered in the nation’s capital city, Ottawa.

Hussen said the theme for this year’s International Metropolis Conference, “The Promise of Migration,” was “exactly the kind of conversation we should be having.”

The annual conference is attended by more than 1,000 immigration officials and experts from around the world.

“We here in Canada understand that we need to keep talking to each other on this subject, to learn from each other the proven benefits of migration and the importance of working together to tackle the challenges of irregular migration,” Hussen said.

He told his audience that his experience as Canada’s Immigration Minister has helped him see just how essential immigration is to Canada and other industrialized nations that are struggling with labour shortages due to their ageing populations and declining birth rates.

“In Canada, I always knew intellectually and from reading reports just how crucial the injection of new immigrants and workers is to our economy. But it wasn’t until I became a minister and I travelled from coast to coast in Canada that I realized just how severe those shortages were and how small and medium and large businesses relied on workers to grow their businesses and contribute to the local economy. They’re one of the biggest champions of increasing immigration numbers into Canada.”

Facts on immigration ‘best weapon’ against fear

Hussen said that it is now more essential than ever to make the positive contributions of immigrants and refugees known as Western countries experience a rise in anti-immigrant sentiment.

“The best weapon against fear is facts; facts don’t lie and the numerous studies continue to show that migrants make an enormous contribution to our economies and our societies,” he said.

“Our job as stakeholders as government as all of you working in [the immigration] space, is to fight fear with facts, to push the reality, the positive impact of immigration on the local economy, the positive role that immigration can and does play in meeting demographic challenges, in filling unfilled jobs, in bringing much-needed skills to countries like Canada. We need to highlight that, we cannot take those facts for granted, that everybody understands them or is aware of them.”

Asked what accomplishments he’s most proud of, Hussen, a former refugee from Somalia, pointed to a recent United Nations report that said Canada resettled the most refugees of any country in 2018.

“Instead of being the number one country for political prisoners, or the number one country for nuclear bombs, I’d rather be known as the number one country for compassion toward refugees,” he said.

“I’m proud that we have demonstrated to many other countries and politicians who have tried to use immigration as a tool to divide people, we have demonstrated through our government’s actions and through the leadership of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government that you can be both strong and effective in protecting your country and the health and safety of your citizens while being compassionate and open to refugees.

Posted in Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

41800 candidates got invitations to apply for permanent residence

41,800 candidates got invitations to apply for permanent residence in the first half of Canada

Permanent Residence

Permanent Residence

The second half of 2019 may be even busier with higher targets for Express Entry and provincial nominee programs

The first half of 2019 was among the most active six-month stretches in the history of Canada’s Express Entry system, with a total of 41,800 invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residence issued.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) held 13 draws over the first six months of 2019, issuing a total of 41,800 invitations to apply (ITAs). Only 2017 had a busier start to the year and just two other six-month periods have seen more ITAs issued since Express Entry’s introduction in January 2015.

The Express Entry system is Canada’s primary source of skilled foreign workers. It manages the pool of candidates for Canada’s three Federal High Skilled immigration programs — the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Canadian Experience Class.

Eligible candidates for each program are entered into the Express Entry pool where they are ranked based on a score awarded under what is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System, or CRS.

The CRS awards point for factors that include age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.

Additional points may also be awarded to candidates with a provincial nomination, arranged employment in Canada or education in Canada, among other additional point factors and the highest-ranked candidates are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence through regular draws from the pool, which generally take place every two weeks.

A job offer is not required in order to enter or be selected from the Express Entry pool.

A total of 92,000 Express Entry candidates and their families were admitted to Canada as new permanent residents in 2018. This was an increase of 41 percent over 2017 and reflects Canada’s rising admissions targets for the three Express Entry-managed programs and Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program, which includes numerous pathways to permanent residence for Express Entry candidates.

The combined admissions targets for these popular immigration programs are slated to reach 160,100 new permanent residents in 2021 under Canada’s multi-year immigration levels plan.

Stable draw sizes

The first half of 2019 saw IRCC adopt a new approach to draw sizes that have remained unchanged at 3,350 since the end of January.

This differs from past years that saw draw sizes either fluctuate from draw to draw or increased incrementally every few weeks, as was the case in 2018.

While lacking the volatility of past years, IRCC still managed to issue more ITAs in the first half of 2019 than it did in the first half of 2018 — a year that finished with the current ITA record of 89,800.

This achievement last year came on the strength of a second half that produced 50,100 ITAs and saw draw sizes grow to 3,900.

As it stands, the 41,800 ITAs issued so far this year leave IRCC less than halfway to tying 2018’s ITA total of 89,800.

Given its higher admissions targets for 2019 and 2020 through the three Express Entry-managed programs and the PNP, this could result in the busiest second half of a year yet for the Express Entry system.

Cut-off scores

Each Express Entry draw has what is known as the cut-off score, which is the lowest CRS score among the candidates invited to apply. All candidates with scores above the cut-off are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Factors that can affect the cut-off score include the draw size, the time between draws and the number of candidates in the Express Entry pool at the time of a given draw.

The first half of 2019 saw the cut-off score range from a low of 438 to a high of 470 for draws involving all three of the Federal High Skilled categories. There was also one draw limited to Federal Skilled Trades Class candidates that had a minimum score of 332.

One reason the first half of 2019 did not produce lower cut-off scores is the fact IRCC let more than two weeks elapse between all-program draws on two occasions.

The first time this occurred was after the January 30 draw that resulted in the CRS cut-off score of 438. IRCC allowed three weeks to pass and the next draw on February 20 produced a cut-off score of 457.

IRCC followed this by conducting draws every two weeks that gradually brought the cut-off score down to 450 on May 1.

Nearly a month then elapsed between the May 1 draw and the next all-program invitation round on May 29, resulting in a CRS cut-off of 470 — the highest minimum score since December 2016.

IRCC followed the May 29 draw with two invitation rounds in June (one every two weeks) that dropped the cut-off scores of 465 and 462, respectively.

The time between draws is an important determinant of the CRS cut-off score. When more time is allowed to elapse between draws, additional candidates with higher scores can enter the Express Entry pool, leading to a higher cut-off score.

Less time between draws means the Express Entry pool has less time to replenish with higher scoring candidates and generally helps to reduce the cut-off score.

This was the case in late January when fewer than two weeks elapsed between draws and resulted in a score of 438.

PNPs open for business

Express Entry-linked PNP streams in provinces such as Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, and Nova Scotia have provided eligible, lower-scoring Express Entry candidates with pathways to the permanent residence over the past six months.

Express Entry candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 points toward their CRS score, effectively guaranteeing an ITA from the Government of Canada regardless of their original CRS score.

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program has a higher admissions target for 2019 than it did last year and it is slated to rise again in 2020 and 2021.

Certain PNP streams, such as Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker Express Entry sub-category and Ontario’s French-Speaking Skilled Worker and Skilled Trades streams, do not require a minimum CRS score of Express Entry candidates in order to be eligible.

Saskatchewan’s Express Entry sub-category held eight draws during the first six months of 2019 and issued 1,166 invitations to apply for a provincial nomination during that time.

In order to be considered for a provincial nomination from Saskatchewan, eligible Express Entry candidates must register a separate Expression of Interest profile with the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program.

Ontario’s French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream invited 549 candidates over the first six months of 2019 and the other 732 were invited through the Skilled Trades Stream.

Nova Scotia’s Labour Market Priorities Stream has also invited Express Entry candidates without requiring a CRS minimum. This was the case with the stream’s last opening on June 3, when 312 Express Entry candidates with eligible work experience in early childhood education were invited to apply for a provincial nomination.

Other Express Entry-linked PNP streams have minimum CRS score requirements that are well below the cut-off scores seen in federal draws over the first six months of this year.

The Alberta Express Entry Stream has been used on 16 occasions this year to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who match its eligibility requirements. Eight of these searches had minimum scores between 300 and 302.

The first step toward pursuing these Express Entry-aligned provincial nominee streams is submitting an Express Entry profile.

“The first half of 2019 was certainly impressive in terms of the sheer amount of ITAs issued, and we could very well see it eclipsed by the second half of the year,” said David Cohen, senior partner with the Campbell, Cohen Canadian immigration law firm in Montreal.

“We are also seeing growing PNP targets and evolving labour market needs and labour market streams at the provincial level result in more and different Express Entry candidates being able to pursue Canadian permanent residence.”

Posted in Alberta, Atlantic Canada, British Columbia, Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Toronto, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment